STI / STD Information

Sexuality is a part of your everyday life. What are you doing to educate yourself?

STIs are very common among humans - up to 75 percent of sexually active women and men will get an STI of some kind. Planned Parenthood 2007.

What is the difference between STIs and STDs:

Medically, an STI is an infection first, after it causes symptoms, the infection becomes a disease. An STD - sexually transmitted disease - is an infection that has symptoms. STIs can be passed from one person to another - even when there are no symptoms. We want women to understand that they are just as likely to get an STI from someone with no symptoms as from someone with symptoms. It is also a lot easier to prevent getting most STIs than it is to treat most STDs.

Are you at Risk?
Most of us have taken risks when we have had sex - risks that include getting sexually transmitted infections. We take so many risks that up to one out of two of us will get an infection some time in our lives if we are sexually active. The risks we take can be dangerous. Many sexually transmitted infections can

  • last a lifetime
  • put stress on relationships
  • cause sterility
  • cause birth defects
  • lead to major illness and death


How STIs and STDs Get Passed Along

Sexually Transmitted Infections are not all transmitted the same way. Here are the basics about how infections can be passed.

UNPROTECTED VAGINAL OR ANAL INTERCOURSE - HIGH RISK FOR

  • trichomoniasis
  • gonorrhea
  • chlamydia
  • syphilis
  • chancroid
  • pubic lice
  • scabies
  • hepatitis B virus (HBV)
  • cytomegalovirus (CMV)
  • human papilloma viruses (HPVs)
  • some HPVs can cause genital warts
  • some can cause cancer
  • herpes simplex virus (HSV)
  • can cause oral and genital herpes
  • human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • can cause AIDS


UNPROTECTED ORAL SEX - HIGH RISK FOR

  • gonorrhea
  • syphilis
  • hepatitis B virus (HBV)
  • herpes simplex virus (HSV)
  • cytomegalovirus (CMV)


SEX PLAY WITHOUT INTERCOURSE - RISK FOR

  • herpes simplex virus (HSV)
  • cytomegalovirus (CMV)
  • human papilloma viruses (HPVs)
  • pubic lice
  • scabies

Lots of other infections, from the flu to mononucleosis, can also be transmitted during sex.

Unprotected vaginal and anal intercourse carries the highest risks for the most dangerous sexually transmitted infections. Protection: ways to protect yourself.

Abstaining from sex is the only way to be 100 percent confident of avoiding Sexually Transmitted Infections.

Prevention through avoiding exposure is the best strategy for controlling the spread of sexually transmitted infections. Proper use of condoms with each act of sexual intercourse can reduce, but not eliminate, risk of STIs and STDs. (Center for Disease Control and Prevention)

Condoms provide the best (though not complete) protection against HIV and Gonorrhea. They are less effective protecting against Herpes type 2 and Chlamydia. Condoms provide little protection against bacterial vaginosis and HPV (the most common STD). (Cates, W. Jr & Stone, K.M. (1992, March/April) Family Planning, Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Contraceptive Choice: A Literature Update- Part I. Family Planning Perspectives, 24(2), 75-84))75

An Empowered, Wise Woman is an informed woman. Stop by one of our locations to get your STI information today.